Update your facebook status using PHP and Graph API

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December 30, 2012PHP2 Comments

This tutorial will teach how to update Facebook status using PHP graph API.It uses the recent Facebook PHP SDK available on Github.

Before beggining get acquainted with basics of facebook app development

Step 1: Download the SDK from github and extract the files.

update your facebook status using php

Step 2: Create a new Facebook application

Go to https://developers.facebook.com/apps and click Create New App to provide application name and namespace.

setup new application

Namespace will be used on the URL of application.[example: apps.facebook.com/namespace]

If you need hosting there is an option to use Heroku’s free hosting service. For now we are not going to use it hence leave the option unchecked.

The one advantage of using the hosting service is they provide the SSL enabled page “ https:// “ .Secure canvas url will be displayed if the user have secure browsing enabled.

Step 2: Fill the details

Select the “App on the Facebook” option and enter the canvas URL details.

 Canvas details

The canvas page is the actual location of the file which will be rendered in the facebook.

Change the application icon as per your needs.

Click save changes to complete the setup.

Step 3: After completing the setup take a note of app id and app secret key.

 application keys

Step 4: Check the canvas page

Now open the application url to check whether the canvas is loading correctly.

Note: If your namespace is devlupapps then your app url will be apps.facebook.com/devlupapps

If there is any problem on this step it means there is an error in your canvas page location.

Step 5: Authorize

When a new user opens the application page he should authorize the application before accessing the information.This is called as authorization  For updating your facebook status you need to get authorized by the user to post the update on his behalf.

facebook app authorization

You should redirect the page if the user is not logged in to Facebook.

Step 6: Code

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<?php
require 'src/facebook.php';
// Create our Application instance (replace this with your appId and secret).
$facebook = new Facebook(array(
  'appId'  => '236528216480691',
  'secret' => 'ef0169cd4eebb072e00e0d597ff2c7af',
));
// Get User ID
$user = $facebook->getUser();
if ($user) {
  try {
    // Proceed knowing you have a logged in user who's authenticated.
    $user_profile = $facebook->api('/me'); 
  } catch (FacebookApiException $e) {
    error_log($e);
    $user = null;
  }
}

To publish update to time line you need to get Publish_stream permission.

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// Login or logout url will be needed depending on current user state.
if ($user) {
  $logoutUrl = $facebook->getLogoutUrl();
} else {
 //redirect user to authorize dialog
   $login_url = $facebook->getLoginUrl($params = array('scope' => "publish_stream"));
    echo ("<script> top.location.href='".$login_url."'</script>");
}
?>

 

app permission

If you click allow button a new access token will be generated.Using this token you can post the status update.

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$access_token = $facebook-&gt;getAccessToken();
$attachment = array(
'access_token' =&gt; $access_token,
'message' =&gt; "This is a new status message",
);
$facebook-&gt;api('/'.$user.'/feed', 'POST', $attachment);
echo "Your status Posted";

 

Design a html form to get the input text and post as status message.

facebook app demo

facebook app demo

Complete Code

index.php

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<?php
require 'src/facebook.php';
// Create our Application instance (replace this with your appId and secret).
$facebook = new Facebook(array(
  'appId'  => '236528216480691',
  'secret' => 'ef0169cd4eebb072e00e0d597ff2c7af',
));
// Get User ID
$user = $facebook->getUser();
if ($user) {
  try {
    // Proceed knowing you have a logged in user who's authenticated.
    $user_profile = $facebook->api('/me'); 
  } catch (FacebookApiException $e) {
    error_log($e);
    $user = null;
  }
}
// Login or logout url will be needed depending on current user state.
if ($user) {
  $logoutUrl = $facebook->getLogoutUrl();
} else {
 //redirect user to authorize dialog
   $login_url = $facebook->getLoginUrl($params = array('scope' => "publish_stream"));
    echo ("<script> top.location.href='".$login_url."'</script>");
}
?>
< !doctype html>
<html xmlns:fb="http://www.facebook.com/2008/fbml">
  <head>
    <title>php-sdk</title>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/>
<title>Whats on our Mind</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="src/view.css" media="all"/>
<script type="text/javascript" src="src/view.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body id="main_body">
<img id="top" src="images/top.png" alt=""/>
    <div id="form_container">
   
        <h1><a>Whats on our Mind</a></h1>
        <form id="form_545340" class="appnitro"  method="post" action="process.php">
                    <div class="form_description">
            <h2>Whats on our Mind</h2>
            <p>Update your facebook status easily.</p>
        </div>                     
            <ul>
           
                    <li id="li_1" >
        <label class="description" for="element_1"> </label>
        <div>
            <textarea id="txtstatus" name="txtstatus" class="element textarea small"></textarea>
        </div>
        </li>
           
                    <li class="buttons">
                <input type="hidden" name="form_id" value="545340" />
               
                <input id="saveForm" class="button_text" type="submit" name="submit" value="Publish" />
        </li>
            </ul>
        </form>
        <div id="footer">
            <?php if ($user): ?>
      <a href="<?php echo $logoutUrl; ?>">Logout</a>
    <?php else: ?>
      <div>
        Login using OAuth 2.0 handled by the PHP SDK:
        <a href="<?php echo $loginUrl; ?>">Login with Facebook</a>
      </div>
    <?php endif ?>
        </div>
    </div>
    <img id="bottom" src="images/bottom.png" alt=""/>
  </body>
</html>

process.php

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<?php
require '/src/facebook.php';
// Create our Application instance (replace this with your appId and secret).
$facebook = new Facebook(array(
  'appId'  => '236528216480691',
  'secret' => 'ef0169cd4eebb072e00e0d597ff2c7af',
));
// Get User ID
$user = $facebook->getUser();
//get the status message
$status=$_POST["txtstatus"];
$access_token = $facebook->getAccessToken();
$attachment =  array(
'access_token' => $access_token,
 'message' => $status,
);
$facebook->api('/'.$user.'/feed', 'POST', $attachment);
echo "Your status Posted";  
?>

 

Demo

Download

Related posts:

2 Responses to “Update your facebook status using PHP and Graph API”
  1. Shyam

    I am getting below error :

    Warning: require(/src/facebook.php) [function.require]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/jeyagan/public_html/projects/phpFB/process.php on line 2

    Fatal error: require() [function.require]: Failed opening required ‘/src/facebook.php’ (include_path=’.:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php’) in /home/jeyagan/public_html/projects/phpFB/process.php on line 2

    • Jeyaganesh

      Shyam,

      Remove the “/” before the src (/src/facebook.php)

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